In 1519, the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan undertook his first voyage around the world. On his way to Spain, Magellan began his search for a road to the East Indies along the South American coast.
Magellan's fleet reached Cape Virgenes and concluded that she had found a passage because the waters were salty and deep. Four ships took the 375-kilometer long passage that Magellan called "Estrecho de Todos los Santos" or "Canal of All Saints", November 1, "Toussaint". Strait of Magellan. On the other side of the strait, Magellan saw the sea very motionless and peaceful; he gave it the Portuguese name "Mar Pacifico", which means "Pacific Ocean".
The first European to see the Pacific Ocean was the Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa who had crossed the Isthmus of Panama in 1513, although he called it "Mar". del Sur ", which means" southern sea ".
Magellan sailed for weeks without seeing the land. Its food supply dwindled and rotten, and men began to die from scurvy, malnutrition and dehydration. They sighted a small uninhabited island, stocked up their stocks and left on January 28, 1521. They reached the Mariana Islands, Guam, then the Philippine Islands, later named after King Philip II of Spain.
Magellan communicated with the indigenous tribes through his Malay interpreter, Enrique. They exchanged gifts with Rajah (king) Siaiu de Mazaua who guided them to the island of Cebu.
It is said that on the island of Cebu, Magellan met Rajah Humabon, who had a sick grandson. Magellan (or one of his men) was able to heal or help this young boy. The Humabon chief and his queen Hara Amihan, grateful, were baptized Christians, as well as 800 other disciples.
Subsequently, Rajah Humabon and his ally, Datu Zula, prevented Magellan from coming into conflict with a nearby chief, Datu Lapu-Lapu, of Mactan Island. Magellan had hoped to convert Datu Lapu-Lapu to Christianity, but he was indifferent.
On the morning of April 27, 1521, Datu Lapu-Lapu and his some 1,500 men confronted the Spaniards on the beach. Magellan was hit by a bamboo spear, encircled and killed. The Magellan crew continued to sail on the ship, Victoria, and finally returned to Spain in September 1522.
The Philippine Islands have become the most Christian nation in Asia, with 93% of its population, or 93.3 million Christians.
The second expedition around the globe took place in 1577 under the direction of Sir Francis Drake. Francis Drake was born around 1540 in the midst of a religious upheaval in England. During the Prayer Book Rebellion of 1549, his father, a poor farmer, Edward Drake, fled with his family to the coast, where they lived on an old ship stranded.
Edward Drake was ordained a Protestant minister and preached to the sailors of the king's navy, later becoming vicar of Upchurch on the Medway. Profoundly influenced, Francis Drake would later have religious services on his ship twice a day.
Around the age of 12, Francis Drake is apprenticed on a ship carrying goods from France. The captain of the ship, having no children, finally bequeathed the ship to Francis, who began his successful sailing career.
During the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, Francis Drake went to the Caribbean several times for trade. He also raided Spanish ships and settlements, bringing King Philip II of Spain to call him a pirate, El Draque, thus offering the equivalent of $ 6 million for his life.
In 1577, nearly 60 years after Spaniard Ferdinand Magellan, Francis Drake undertook the second voyage around the world. Drake sailed along the South American coast and before Tierra del Fuego, crossed the Strait of Magellan. During violent storms, he sailed and stormed the Spanish Pacific coast to northern California.
On Mocha Island, hostile Mapuches attacked Drake, seriously wounding him with an arrow. In 1579 Drake anchored north of San Francisco at Drake's Bay. In the name of the Holy Trinity, he claimed California as the English crown, which she named Nova Albion, which is the Latin of "New Britain".
Going west, Drake sailed to the Indonesian islands of the Moluccas where his ship, Golden Hind, almost sank on a reef. In 1580, Drake crossed the Indian Ocean, Cape Cape Good Hope and the African coast, where he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I. In 1588, Sir Francis Drake helped to repel the Spanish Armada to invade England.
Sir Francis Drake died aboard the Defiance ship on January 28, 1596, after an unsuccessful attempt to capture San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Matthew Fontaine Maury, the first superintendent of the US Naval Observatory, was known as the "Pioneer of the Seas" for being a pioneer in marine and wind current mapping. He wrote in "Physical Geography of the Sea," 1855: "The Bible called Earth the" round world, "but for centuries it was the most reprehensible heresy for Christian men to say that the world was round. … Finally, sailors have gone around the world, proved that the Bible was right and saved scientific scientists from the stakes ".
In 1873, the French novelist Jules Verne wrote "Around the world in 80 days". In 1929, the German manufacturer Graf Zepplin made the first flight around the world (Weltrundfahrt) in 21 days. In 1931, Wiley Post made the first fixed-wing flight around the world in just over eight days. In 1933, Wiley Post made the first solo flight around the world in just over seven days. He discovered the jet stream and was the first to use gyroscopic autopilot, direction finder and compression suit. In 1982, Ross Perot, Jr. and Jay Coburn, flying the Spirit of Texas, flew the first helicopter flight around the world.
On April 12, 1961, the Russian-Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was the first to orbit the Earth, followed by American astronaut John Glenn on February 20, 1962. From 1981 to 2011, the space shuttle program performed 135 missions of ground launch satellites, interplanetary probes, the Hubble Space Telescope, as well as scientific experiments and the construction of the International Space Station.
In 1984, Captain Bruce McCandles and General Bob Stewart, astronauts, left the Space Shuttle Challenger and carried out the first unmanned spacewalk using manned maneuver units, while orbiting a million feet above the ground.
In an interview with Reasons to Believe on October 1, 2000, General Bob Stewart said, "Your first vision of the original planet is breathtaking. Maybe that's how God wanted this to be seen. … "
General Stewart continued, "I had taught a Sunday school class at the High View Baptist Church in Woodland Park and the class had decided to want to study Genesis. … The message I hope to convey is that it is not necessary to give up one's intellect to become a Christian. … It is increasingly difficult to reach a person for Christ when this person is highly educated and confident of the primacy of science in this world. … "
Stewart continued, "This universe was created out of nothing; that it is particularly suited to the existence of life on this rare, if not unique, planet; and that God did it. … "
General Stewart, who had been a combat helicopter pilot in Vietnam, continued, "I started with an introduction to relativity so that my class could see the historical and logical context of this theory and in lose the fear. It was necessary because I had the intention of talking about the event of creation in terms of big bang, and I wanted my class to understand that it was not simply an idea imagined by physicists. I wanted to address the existence of human beings on this planet from the point of view of their unique relationship with the Creator and add it to some modern digital biology statistics regarding the probabilities of the existence of random processes. … "
General Stewart, who had spent 289 hours in space, concluded his interview: "I hope to be able to continue challenging the scientifically oriented person with the idea that life would be prohibitively expensive. if it was not created by God. … In my life, I made a remarkable transition from a person whose faith was in science to the exclusion of religion, to a person who believes that the scriptures are the truth, the science catching up after 4000 years.
The courage and risk of space travel came with the loss of the Columbia Space Shuttle, which crashed during the reinstatement in 2003, and the Challenger, which exploded just 73 seconds after the flight took off. January 1986. The crew of seven members was killed, including a high school teacher, the first private citizen to fly aboard the boat.
In his speech to the nation, President Ronald Reagan said, "Today is a day of mourning … a national loss. … The Challenger crew members were pioneers. … The future does not belong to those who have a light heart; he belongs to the brave. The Challenger crew was training us in the future. "
Reagan added, "The crew of the Space Shuttle Challenger honored us for the way they lived. We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them this morning, as they prepared for their journey and said goodbye and "slipped the terrible bonds of the earth" to "touch the face of God ". "
President Reagan added, "There is a coincidence today. That day, the great explorer Sir Francis Drake died aboard a ship off the coast of Panama. During his lifetime, the great frontiers were the oceans, and one historian later stated: "He lived by the sea, died there and was buried there." Today, we can say of the crew of the Challenger: Their dedication was, like Drake, complete. "
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