The city of Cambridge is a university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire, England. It is located around 80 km north of London and is surrounded by smaller towns and villages.
Universities in Cambridge have always been well known and reputable throughout the world. It is in fact of the in the middle of sophisticated centre known as Silicon Fen.
Basically Cambridge is best known for the University of Cambridge which comprises the famous Cavendish Laboratory, King's College Chapel plus the Cambridge University Library.
Cambridge University situated in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. It is considered as one of the world's renowned academic institutions.
Cambridge was a center of the new learning of the Renaissance and of the theology of the Reformation; in modern times it has been so remarkable and active in science.
It has Faculties of classics, divinity, English, architecture and history of art, modern and medieval languages, Oriental studies, music, economics and politics, history, law, philosophy, education, engineering, earth sciences and geography, mathematics, biology, archaeology and anthropology, physics and chemistry, and medicine.
There are also departments of veterinary medicine, chemical engineering, land economy, and the history and philosophy of science as well as a computer laboratory.
According to UCAS (Universities and Colleges Admission Service) Cambridge and Oxford Universities are most selective for applicants within the UK.
In the most recent British Government Research Assessment Exercise in 2001 Cambridge was ranked first in the country. In 2005 it was reported that the number of PhD graduates per year are more than any other British university (over 30% more than second placed Oxford).
According to the Thomson Scientific research Cambridge has the highest research paper output of any British university, and is also the top research producer (determined by total paper citation count) in 10 out of 21 major British research fields analyzed.
Cambridge was awarded a great number (6.6%) of total British research grants and contracts than any other university (coming first in three out of four broad discipline fields).
In addition, the university has generated significant proportion of Britain's leading scientists, writers and politicians.
It is said that the affiliates of the University have officially achieved 82 Nobel Prizes more than any other university in the world and more than any country in the world except the United Kingdom and the United States.
Apart from extraordinary tradition in the humanities and the arts, the University of Cambridge is particularly recognized for generating prominent scientists and mathematicians comprising
Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, William Harvey, Paul Dirac, JJ Thomson, Ernest Rutherford, Jane Goodall, James Clerk Maxwell, Francis Crick, Alan Turing, Stephen Hawking, and Fred Sanger.
The university is associated with the development of the high-tech business cluster in and around Cambridge, known as Silicon Fen or sometimes the "Cambridge Phenomenon".
Silicon Fen was reported to be the second largest venture capital market in the world, after Silicon Valley.
Cambridge is academically placed in the world's top 5 universities. It has traditionally been an academic institution of choice of the Royal Family (King Edward VII, King George VI, Prince Henry of Gloucester, Prince William of Gloucester and Edinburgh and Prince Charles were all undergraduates) and has generated 82 Nobel Laureates to date.