Harvard University

Harvard Citation Style

Harvard citation style is one of the few styles used internationally by many publishers nowadays. Harvard style is based on the AGPS 5th edition.
It was created by the Harvard University and it is also known as Harvard referencing, the author-date system or parenthetical system. The fundamental thing to know about Harvard citation style is that it calls all statements, opinions, conclusions or anything else taken from another writer’s work to be cited no matter how the material is taken. In this system the cited material is referred to by giving the author’s surname and the year of publication, that is all what expected of you to indicate when citing someone’s material. The full list of references providing full information on the cited material used in the work is put at the end of the work in the alphabetized order. There are advantages and disadvantages of using this system The advantages of Harvard citation system is that it allows to be aware of the source text without searching the same information at the end of the work, in this way it safes time so to say, and besides, one might easily get to know and remember the name of the author having seen it several times while reading the paper. The disadvantage is that it takes more space to provide the required information. After providing a citation, the abbreviations like “page – (p.), pages – (pp.), section – (s.) or sections – (ss.)” are of common use. In other words the most essential information on the source of citing is provided directly after the citation. It is important for the material you cited from some other work to put both sources: the original and the one you took it from. In case more than one source is provided for the same point, all sources should be indicated in order of publication date. Lower case letters must be used after the date when there is reference to a number of items published in the same year by one and the same author.