Leadership has its concern in ensuring that it gives direction and the leader is concerned with the influence on others so that they can do their work as expected. There are the leadership theories that explain how the leaders ought to work so that success can be reached and they are: the great man theories which has got the believe that most of the great leaders are born with the desire and the role to lead this means that one is not just leading through learning but such a person is born to lead others. This means that the person is heroic and should be destined to achieve the best qualifications that are required by that particular organization. The trait theories have the assumption that the people who are leaders inherit certain qualities and traits from others and this will enable them to be the best leaders. This theory has got the identification of the personality characteristics that is shared by the leaders and therefore with that particular trait then one is seen to lead others as expected. (Helen, 2003)
The contingency theories thuds has got focus on the variable that are related to the environment that will have the determination of that particular leadership style that is required so that a person who is a leader has got the ability and the capability to work in that environment that will lead to the success of his or her work. Situational theories this argues that a lead has got to choose to work in a particular situation like in making the decisions that are accepted this means that such a person will be able to do the work as expected and therefore that situational variable will be the guide on how to lead. The behavioral theories this has got the argument that the leaders are made and it mainly focuses on the actions of these people To be a leader then on requires to have the qualities that will enable such a person know what to go about the problems that may take place in the organization. The person learns how to become a leader through observing or learning from others. The participative theory this is where by the leaders encourages their people to participate and contribute in the group so that they can do what is expected by the organization. The leader has got the right to allow the dithers have their views concerning that particular work that has to be done. In the managements theories the leader focus on the supervision, the organization and the group performance in that his or her main concern is to ensure that the organization is working well under the right directions and rules been followed. (Hartman, 2005)
The relationship theories this has the focus that the leader has the motivation and inspiration ability meaning that in any work that has to be undertaken then the people will do the best as it is targeted by the organization. These leaders have high ethical and moral standards so that they can be able to motivate others do their work well. There are different types of leadership styles and they include: the laisaez faire where by the leader has got to minimize the amount of direction and the face time that is required such a leader should be highly trained and motivated on the direct reports so that he or she can direct people on achieving the high performance of that particular organization. The autocratic leadership styles where by the leader should be able to advocate what is to be done and lead the others in the direction that will lead to high performance. The participative leadership style where by the leader has got to ensure that he or she is involved in the works that are done in the organization so that the employees can do all the best in working for the organization. The leader should be creative so that incases of problems taking place in the organization then they can be solved, also can improve the quality and be able to provide the best customers services so that they do not have to get complaints from the workers of what has to be done for the betterment of the organization. The leader should be able to form team work with the workers in that her or she should focus on making the irrelevant changes that will lead to the high performance thus is because teamwork is favored as it leads to the best performance been attained in that particular organization. The leaders should be able to rise the occasion and have a high inspiration of confidence so that the workers can do all that is expected so that work is done perfectly. The leader should be a great decision maker so that the right direction has to be followed this is in that the workers should know the advantages and disadvantages of an activity that will lead to more work been done. Without the right decision then it becomes very hard for the organization to make implementations on the plan that is prepared and this will mean that the collapse of such organization will be very great. The leader who does not care of how the organization is performing will end up doing things that will not be of help to the organization and this will have high impact on the work of that organization. This is because for an organization to succeed there should be decisions made on the changes that have to be done so that in making implementation to that particular part in the organization the agreement has been reached and this will lead to the best work been attained. Therefore a leader should be able to set a process that will be followed in coming into the agreement of an issue that is related to the organization performance. (Fulmer, 2003)
There are different characteristics that a leader should have and they are: the vision in that the leader should have a view of what the organization will be in future this is because the organizations that have no vision have no clear direction on its operations and this will lead to the collapse of the organization. Therefore it is good for that leader to have in mind how the success will be and the best ways to reach to that success. The vision has got to be well known in the organization this is because it will act as the guide on the operations that will be taking place in the organization in that with what is to be achieved in future then it becomes possible to know how to go about everything that is to be done so that what is planned is achieved. The leaders should be able to understand what motivates people in that the leader should offer the working environments for the workers to be desirable so that as the employees do their work they are willing to offer the best production. The leaders should be ready to recognize what the workers have done and appreciate them this will mean that they will be willing to work because they have seen the concern from their leaders therefore so that the employees can feel motivated then they have to be praised, recognized and appreciated and this will lead to high performance been achieved as the workers will not work under supervision because they are willing to provide what the organization expects. (Evans, 2004)
There is the emotional intelligence where by the leader should be ready to identify, use and understand the emotions of there employees and through knowing how to go about these emotions then the employees will work to the target. This is because emotions may affect the performance in an organization, as the employees will not be ready to provide what is focused on company this means that they are doing the work just to earn a living and not for the betterment of the organization. Been able to read people will lead to making the right changes that will not have effects to them and the organization will benefit in exchange this is because what is done will be to ensure that their attitudes are changed to fit that which is required in the organization. The leader should be able to empower which means that in the use of either policies of other things like training the people then this will make the working easier and therefore the performance is increased therefore a leader is required to train the employees on how to go about the problems that take place in the organization, also how to go about the risks that are expected and this will lead to the high performance as the careless mistakes will be reduced all the time. The leader should be trustworthy in that how he behaves should be easily copied by the followers and should not misled them this means that the leader has to check his or her behavior well and do what is expected by the organization so that the employees can copy from him or her. The leaders must be willing to take risks in that incase uncertainty occurs in the organization then the leader should have the knowledge on how to manage these risks so that it does not affect the performance of the organization. This is because if the risks are not prevented then it is easy for that organization to collapse due to the fact that it will be late to get the right measures after a problem has occurred in the organization. Therefore the leader should have the skills on risk management so that any time there is an indication of risk then the right measures are taken early in advance. (David, 2002)
The leader should be able to focus and follow through in that he or she should see the priorities that will be used as a guide so that work is done as expected this will mean that the leader knows what to do and then has got to tackle the next step of doing it so that success in achieved. Without priorities then the leader will aim at benefiting him and not the organization and this will lead to poor management of that organization leading to collapse. The leader should have a sense of humor in that the leader should have a degree of self knowledge this will make the workers change their attitudes towards then organization and be willing to work for the betterment of achieving high production. Therefore with humor then it is very possible to break a tension in the organization and this will mean that without tension then the employees are willing to work for the organization to see its success. With tension the work will not be done and most of the employees end up on attending their work as expected leading to collapse of that particular organization. Therefore a leader should ensure that these traits or characteristics are incorporated so that work will be done, as it is required. The leader should also be able to bear in that the leader should not be quick to anger this is because they are dealing with the followers they are different in their personality and therefore if one is not ready to bear the challenges that are put by the followers then it becomes hard for such a leader to lead the people and this will lead to the person been psychologically affected like been in stress which will mean the organization performance will decline. All the leaders therefore should be ready to know the best measures to take so that they take the right relationship with all the employees of all kinds so that all in the organization benefit from what is to be achieved. (Carol, 2002)
The leader should have enthusiasm in that he or she should be willing to offer the presentations that will assists the followers understand what is expected of them in the organization without proper knowledge then it is possible for the careless mistakes to be done and therefore this will affect the organization which will mean that a lot has to be done so that the organization performance is raised. The leaders should be ready to offer sound judgment on what has been done in the organization this is because without the right judgment then the workers will not be willing to have relationship with the leaders and therefore it becomes difficult for such a leader because there is always conflict existing between them. To ensure that relationship is maintained between the leader and the followers then the right judgment has to be passed to all who have done wrong. The leader should have tact in that he or she should be caring on the opportunities that have to be done in the organization and also make the right evaluation that will lead to high performance. The leader should like to fail in that through the failures then it will mean that such a person will know how to go about the best ways that will not lead to the failure again in future this is because if one is not ready to fail then it means incases of failures existing in the organization such person will be confused on how to go about them and this brings problems in the organization. A leader should accept his or her responsibilities and this will bring about the right view that the leader will have towards the operations of the organization without knowing and accepting the responsibility then it is not possible to lead the people and therefore all leaders should have the clear know how of what the organization requires from them and this will lead to high performance. (Chapman, 2004)
A leader should be in a constant state of change in that he or she should be eager to know what is happening around him or her and be able to change with the changing world like the changes in technology the leader should make use of the best technology that will not affect the employees but will lead to high production this is because if the leader does not know about what is taking place in the organization then the organization operation will be stagnant meaning that less will be achieved for that particular organization as it will not be able to know how to go about the changes taking place in the world. If a leader is not careful on what he or she is doing then careless mistakes can be done leading to problems in the organization and therefore these problems will not be possible and easy to come up with the right conclusion that will help the organization. The leader should be unselfish in that the leader should do things that will benefit the employees and not for his or her own benefit. Therefore the leader should offer the benefits that are required by the workers like promotions, trainings and other benefits that will motivate the workers do their best. If the leader is selfish then it becomes hard to know how to go about ensuring the workers receive what they desire and therefore working will be hard to go through with such a person who does not mind of others in the organization. It is not a hard thing to lead but without the qualities that are needed then it becomes a bother and therefore such a person will be greatly affected due to the fact that problems will arise and such a person will not know how to go about it leading to poor performance of that particular organization. Throe is need for any leader to build excellence this is the notion that it will ensure that the work that has to be done at that particular time is of great importance and therefore for that leader to have excellence then first he or she should have a good character. This will mean that such a person is supposed to do everything that is right for the organization so that its performance is improved in all directions. For a leader to have the required character then he or she should show the drives, the energy, he or she should be determined on what is to be done, there is need for self discipline in that a leader should act as the role model for the followers and therefore it will not lead to more problems been faced if the person is well behaved. (Caroselli, 2002)
A good leader should have attributes that will assist him or her to do the work as expected. Therefore the leader should have the standard bearers in that one should commit his or her life in undertaking activities in the organization that will lead to success and therefore he or she should have in mind that what has to be set will become the rules in the organization and therefore they should be serious and keen on what they have to do. This means that if the leader is a standard bearer them the followers will have trust in him or her. The leader should be a developer in that he or she should lead others in getting new ideas through teaching or training them on what is expected and therefore it becomes a challenge for such person because what is required has to be done rightly so that it can help others in achieving the goals that are set. This will help the followers have the knowledge on how to go about the risks that occur in the organization, how to go about the mistakes in the organization and how to become winners and therefore this will mean that the workers will be targeting at becoming winners and therefore they are ready to do all what is expected of them without been supervised by their leaders. The leader should be an integrator in that one should be able to provide a view of the future and the ability to obtain what has to be done and therefore the leader should ensure that their is unity that is required so that what he or she is achievement will be a success and will assist others in getting into success, such a leader will know where the problems will occur and the best ways to deal with these problems before they interfere with the performance of the organization. Therefore this will mean that the employees will work targeting at the visions that are set for that organization and that is done has got to succeed. Those behind the leader get examples from him or her this is based on the fact that if the leader has got undesirable behavior then the followers will just behave in the same manner like he or she is doing. (Bennie, 2002)
To be a good leader then the followers should have the trust in you in other words the followers should be ready to copy what that particular person is doing and have the belief that he or she is right and this will lead to the work been done as expected in the organization. Without trust then it is not possible for the workers or the followers to do as expected and this will mean that every one in the organization will have his or her own views about the work that is to be undertaken. A good leader is ethical and with strong vision which means that such a person has got high desires to do something that will benefit the organization and the followers in general. The behavior of such person will lead to the capturing of the trust that will come from the followers, there will be also loyalty on the leader from such things that are seen to be important then it will be a better thing that will lead to success of such organization. In building trust then the character will be involved with the beliefs in that what people have value on is deeply rooted in them and therefore if they have the belief in the leader to have the right leadership then it means that such a person will be trusted and will be used as the role model by the people. The traits that is the characteristics that will differentiate one person from another in that people have got different traits and therefore it becomes possible to know how to go about the changes that take place so that the work can be done as required. (Bellman, 2005)
The traits of a good leader includes: the honesty in that the person should be sincere on what he or she is doing so that he does not mislead the others; the competency in that what has to be done should be based on the reason and the principles so that the leader does not have to do something just for the sake but should know what it requires and the outcome of such activity; he or she should be forward looking in that one should have a vision on what is to be achieved in future at that current time and therefore the leader should have the know how of what to do and how to get the desires this means that it is always in the leader to make the decision on the good things that are to be achieved by the organization the leader should be inspiring in that he or she should be confident on what has to be done and therefore all the work will be done without fear in that he or she should be able to endure mentally, physically and spiritually all that is best for the organization; the leader should be intelligent in that one should be ready to learn and get the challenges that have to be undertaken and this will mean that the work will be perfectly done because he or she will be ready to face challenges; the leader should also be fair in that he or she should take all the followers with the same concern and should show justice to the people whom he or she has to lead; the leader should be broad minded in that one should be ready to do things adversely without waiting for the others to work so that one can follow and therefore the thinking should be very deep; should be courageous one should have the assurance that the work will be completed even if there are challenges; should be straight forward in making decisions the leader should come up with the right decisions so that the work that is to be achieved is of the right standard and lastly the leader should be imaginative in other words he or she should be able to come up with an idea that will help the others in the society and able to make plans that will help the organization to acquire success.( Alice,2005)
People have strong beliefs on what is good or bad and therefore it will mean that they will do something in regard to the belief they attach on it. The values that is the attitudes about the view that is seen in that person like for example one might have value on good house therefore a leader with value will not enter into problems of the working paces of the workers. The skills that is the abilities and a person has in his or her life meaning that a person with high knowledge and ability to learn will get more skills from different places depending on what he or she requires in other words if one requires the performance of the organization to improve then it means that such person will work targeting the high performance and this will be achieved through the gaining of skills on how to go about the operations in the organization. With leaders who are serious in their work then it is most likely for the organization to come up with the right performance this is because if the leader does not care about the best methods to use for the organization to be well known then it means that working will be interfered with leading to delays and poor performances in that organization.
The traits are guidelines that will assist the person who is leading have the right direction so that he or she will not face challenges and problems that will affect the working conditions of the employees and lead to poor performance. With these traits been practically performed then it becomes possible for the organization to make the right amendments that are important for that organization to achieve success in its operations. Traits ensures that no time is to be wasted in achieving the goals that are set and the mistakes that take place in the organization is dealt with in the right manner leading to more been achieved that is helpful for the organization. Every organization has to ensure that the leaders have the leadership skills so that the management is not interfered with and this will mean that working of that organization will be desirable and therefore all that it has to do is to get the best trained people in leadership and management skills. (Albritto, 2006)
Leadership is something that a person has got to take serious this is because one is based in dealing with people of different personalities and therefore if one is working with people without having the right traits then it becomes a bother in the organization. A leader should be ready to get views from the followers on what they think is the right thing to be done so as to achieve what they require, through this then the organization will not face challenges of poor management as the leader and the employees are in right relationship meaning that work will be done for the benefit of the organization. In the organization the leader should have the skills that are required so that the working is not interrupted this is because without the leadership traits then the operation of that organization is affected in one way or another and therefore all that has to be done is to ensure that the right skills are achieved for one to lead others.
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