"The 12th day of Christmas …"
In 567 AD, the council of Tours put an end to a dispute. Western Europe celebrated the birth of Christ on Christmas Day, December 25, as the holiest day of the season. Eastern Europe celebrated on January 6th, Epiphany, Greek word meaning "appearance" or "manifestation". Also called the Three Kings Day, he recalled the Sages' visit to Jesus in the manger – his "manifestation" to the Gentiles. As stated in Isaiah 49: 6, "I will give you also a light for the Gentiles, that you may be my salvation unto the end of the earth."
In addition, Epiphany commemorates the baptism of Jesus in the Jordan, as it says in John 1: 29-34: "The next day John sees Jesus coming to him and says, 'Here is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world … that it be made manifest to Israel. … And John gave a record saying … The one who sent me … said … On whom you will see the Spirit come down and stay on him, he is the one who baptizes with the Holy Spirit . And I saw and verbally recorded that it is the Son of God. "
The Christian Roman Empire of East and West could only hear on the holiest day. This is why, at the Council of Tours of 567 AD. AD, it was decided to make the 12 days of December 12 the "twelve days of Christmas". were called "holy days", which ended up being pronounced "holidays".
The Council of Tours also returned from the beginning of the year to the old date of March 1st. It was thought that the 1st of January was a pagan date, because it originated from Julius Caesar's Julian calendar based on solar energy.
The remains of March being the first month of the year can be seen in the ancient Latin Latin names of the months of September, October, November and December:
"Seven" is Latin for seven
"Oct" is Latin for eight (octagon = eight sides)
"Nov" is Latin for nine
"Dec" is Latin for ten (that is, decimal = divisible by ten).
In 45 BC J.-C., Julius Caesar was somehow the first globalist. He wanted a unified calendar for all the Roman Empire that he controlled. His successor, August Caesar, had his NSA tracking version: he was conducting an empire-wide census to count all the people under his control.
The many lunar calendars used for millennia by the ancient peoples of the countries conquered by Rome were difficult to reconcile with each other. The former fifth month of Rome, Quintilis, was renamed Julius Caesar, nicknamed "July". As he was only 30 days old, Julius Caesar took a day of the end of the year, February, and added it to July, giving the month 31 days.
The next emperor, Augustus Caesar, renamed the former sixth month, Sextilis, calling it "August." It also took a day of the end of the year, February, was added to August, giving this month 31 days. and leaving February with only 28 days. The Julian calendar inserts a leap day in February every four years.
When Constantine became Roman Emperor, he stopped the persecution of Christians and, at the Council of Nicaea in 325, he decided to set a common date to celebrate Easter and contribute to the unification of the "Christian" Roman Empire. .
Constantine's insistence that the date of Easter be a Sunday in the Roman solar calendar led to the abandonment of the Jewish method of determining the date of Passover, based on the lunar calendar, traditionally beginning on the evening of the 14th Nissan day.
The Apostle Paul wrote in First Corinthians 5: 7: "Even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us."
The act of Constantine was a defining moment in the split between what was a predominantly Jewish Christian church – as Jesus and all his followers were Jewish – and a new gentile Christian church.
The new Easter date was defined as the first Sunday after the first full Easter moon falling after or after the spring equinox, although in fact it was calculated using tables.
"Equinox" is a term of the solar calendar: "equi" = "equal" and "nox" = "night". Thus, "equinox" means that day and night have the same duration. It occurs once in the spring, around March 20, and once in the fall, around September 22.
In the year 325 AD, Easter was March 21st. In the Middle Ages, France celebrated the New Year at Easter. Other countries began their new year at Christmas on December 25 and still others on the day of the Annunciation on March 25.
By 1582 it became clear that the Julian calendar was slightly inaccurate by about 11 minutes a year, which gave the calculated tables the date of Easter ten days before the spring equinox and even further away from its origins in the Jewish Passover.
In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII decided to revise the calendar by deleting ten days. He defined a leap year divisible by 4, except for years divisible by 100, unless this year is divisible by 400. This sounds complicated, but it is so accurate that the Gregorian calendar is the most used calendar of our days.
The "Gregorian calendar" of Pope Gregory also recalled the beginning of the new year on the 1st of January by Julius Caesar. As England was a Protestant Anglican country, it reluctantly postponed the adoption of the more precise Gregorian calendar until 1752. When England became the largest empire in the world, it established the Gregorian calendar for international use. All dates in the world are either "Before Christ" or "Anno Domini" in British Columbia, which means the Year of the Lord's Reign.
In 1534, Henry VIII of England made the Anglican Church the established denomination of the country. As in other countries, the government demanded uniformity of services and religious doctrine and restricted freedom of expression, freedom of conscience and freedom of expression.
During this period, Christian dissidents, non-conformists, separatists, Puritans, Presbyterians, Quakers, Anabaptists and Catholics fled England to other European countries or colonies in America. The Jews were expelled from England in 1290 by Edward I and were not allowed to return before Oliver Cromwell in 1657.
Dissidents who remained in England practiced their faith in secrecy, sometimes undergoing government persecution and even martyrdom. In 1625, a type of catechism singing at Sunday School was used to teach children the Christian doctrine, entitled "In these twelve days," where a spiritual significance was assigned to each day.
In these twelve days (1625)
In these twelve days, and
in those twelve days,
For all that is done is a God of his power.
1. What is only one?
What is it that's one?
We only have one God
In heaven, sitting on his throne. Refrain
2. What are they who are only two?
What are they who are only two?
Two Testaments, we are told,
One is new and the other old. Refrain
3. Which ones are only three?
What are they only three?
Three people in Trinidad,
The Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. Refrain
4. Which ones are only four?
What are they only four?
Four gospels written true,
John, Luke, Mark and Matthew. Refrain
5. Which ones are only five?
Which ones are only five?
Five senses to tell,
God grants us the grace to use them well. Refrain
6. Which ones are only six?
Which ones are only six?
Six ages this world will last,
Five of them are gone and gone. Refrain
7. Which ones are only seven?
Which ones are only seven?
We have seven days of the week,
Six to work and the seventh saint. Refrain
8. Which ones are only eight?
Which ones are only eight?
Eight beatitudes are given,
Use them well and go to paradise. Refrain
9. Which ones are only nine?
Which ones are only nine?
Nine degrees of high angels
Who praise God continually. Refrain
10. Which ones are only ten?
Which ones are only ten?
Ten commandments that God gave,
Keep them well and go to heaven. Refrain
11. Which ones are only eleven?
Which ones are only eleven?
Eleven thousand virgins took part
And suffered death for the love of Jesus. Refrain
12. Which are only twelve?
Who are only twelve?
The twelve apostles whom Christ has chosen
Preach the Gospel to the Jews. Refrain
This may have inspired the popular song "The Twelve Days of Christmas".
An explanation of the possible meanings of the song is:
1. My true love = God himself
A partridge = Jesus Christ (a partridge will pretend to wound predators with defenseless chicks – "He was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities." Isaiah 53: 5)
Pear tree = Cross and tree of the fall of Adam
2. Turtle Doves = Old and New Testament
3. French hens = faith, hope and love
4. Calling birds = four gospels
5. The rings of gold = Pentateuch – The first five books of the Bible
6. Goose laying = six days of creation
7. Swimming Swans = Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit
8. Maids A-Milking = Eight Beatitudes
9. Ladies dance = Nine fruits of the Holy Spirit
10. Lords A-Leaping = Ten Commandments
Piping Pipers = Eleven Faithful Apostles
12. Drums = Twelve points in the Apostles' creed
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